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Citation: X.W. Zhou, R.A. Johnson, and H.N.G. Wadley (2004), "Misfit-energy-increasing dislocations in vapor-deposited CoFe/NiFe multilayers", Physical Review B, 69(14), 144113. DOI: 10.1103/physrevb.69.144113.
Abstract: Recent molecular dynamics simulations of the growth of [Ni0.8Fe0.2/Au] multilayers have revealed the formation of misfit-strain-reducing dislocation structures very similar to those observed experimentally. Here we report similar simulations showing the formation of edge dislocations near the interfaces of vapor-deposited (111) [NiFe/CoFe/Cu] multilayers. Unlike misfit dislocations that accommodate lattice mismatch, the dislocation structures observed here increase the mismatch strain energy. Stop-action observations of the dynamically evolving atomic structures indicate that during deposition on the (111) surface of a fcc lattice, adatoms may occupy either fcc sites or hcp sites. This results in the random formation of fcc and hcp domains, with dislocations at the domain boundaries. These dislocations enable atoms to undergo a shift from fcc to hcp sites, or vice versa. These shifts lead to missing atoms, and therefore a later deposited layer can have missing planes compared to a previously deposited layer. This dislocation formation mechanism can create tensile stress in fcc films. The probability that such dislocations are formed was found to quickly diminish under energetic deposition conditions.

FORTRAN
Notes: These are the original files sent by X.W. Zhou (Sandia National Laboratory) and posted with his permission. C.A. Becker (NIST) modified create.f to include the reference in the generated potential files and the EAM.input file for this composition. These files can be used to generate alloy potentials for Cu, Ag, Au, Ni, Pd, Pt, Al, Pb, Fe, Mo, Ta, W, Mg, Co, Ti, and Zr by editing EAM.input. However, as addressed in the reference, these potentials were not designed for use with metal compounds.
File(s): superseded


LAMMPS pair_style eam/alloy (2004--Zhou-X-W--Pb--LAMMPS--ipr1)
Notes: This file was generated by C.A. Becker (NIST) from create.f and posted with X.W. Zhou's (Sandia National Laboratory) permission.
File(s): superseded


FORTRAN
Notes: The file Zhou04_create_v2.f is an updated version of create.f modified by L.M. Hale (NIST) following advice from X.W. Zhou (Sandia National Laboratory). This version removes spurious fluctuations in the tabulated functions of the original potential files caused by single/double precision floating point number conflicts.
File(s):
LAMMPS pair_style eam/alloy (2004--Zhou-X-W--Pb--LAMMPS--ipr2)
Notes: This file was generated by L.M. Hale from Zhou04_create_v2.f on 13 April 2018 and posted with X.W. Zhou's (Sandia National Laboratory) permission. This version corrects an issue with spurious fluctuations in the tabulated functions.
File(s):
 
Citation: A. Landa, P. Wynblatt, D.J. Siegel, J.B. Adams, O.N. Mryasov, and X.-Y. Liu (2000), "Development of glue-type potentials for the Al-Pb system: phase diagram calculation", Acta Materialia, 48(8), 1753-1761. DOI: 10.1016/s1359-6454(00)00002-1.
Abstract: Empirical many-body potentials of the glue-type have been constructed for the Al–Pb system using the "force matching" method. The potentials are fitted to experimental data, physical quantities derived from ab initio linear muffin-tin orbitals calculations and a massive quantum mechanical database of atomic forces generated using ultrasoft pseudopotentials in conjunction with ab initio molecular statics simulations. Monte Carlo simulations using these potentials have been employed to compute an Al–Pb phase diagram which is in fair agreement with experimental data.

EAM setfl
Notes: alpb.set was sent by Alexander Landa (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) on 25 Mar. 2010 and posted with his permission and that of Don Siegel (University of Michigan).
File(s):
LAMMPS pair_style eam/alloy (2000--Landa-A--Al-Pb--LAMMPS--ipr1)
Notes: alpb-setfl.eam.alloy is a version of the same potential which has been formatted for use in LAMMPS ("D" was replaced by "E" and "Al Pb" was added on line 4). It successfully ran with the 20Feb10 version of LAMMPS.
File(s):
 
Citation: J.J. Hoyt, J.W. Garvin, E.B. Webb, and M. Asta (2003), "An embedded atom method interatomic potential for the Cu-Pb system", Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, 11(3), 287-299. DOI: 10.1088/0965-0393/11/3/302.
Abstract: A simple procedure is used to formulate a Cu–Pb pair interaction function within the embedded atom (EAM) method framework. Embedding, density and pair functions for pure Cu and pure Pb are taken from previously published EAM studies. Optimization of the Cu–Pb potential was achieved by comparing with experiment the computed heats of mixing for Cu–Pb liquid alloys and the equilibrium phase diagram, the latter being determined via a thermodynamic integration technique. The topology of the temperature-composition phase diagram computed with this EAM potential is consistent with experiment and features a liquid–liquid miscibility gap, low solubility of Pb in solid Cu and a monotectic reaction at approximately 1012 K.

LAMMPS pair_style eam/alloy (2003--Hoyt-J-J--Cu-Pb--LAMMPS--ipr1)
Notes: This file was supplied by J.J. Hoyt on 14 October 2008.
File(s):
 
Citation: S.A. Etesami, M.I. Baskes, M. Laradji, and E. Asadi (2018), "Thermodynamics of solid Sn and Pb-Sn liquid mixtures using molecular dynamics simulations", Acta Materialia, 161, 320-330. DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2018.09.036.
Abstract: We present a new set of modified embedded-atom method parameters for the Pb-Sn system that describes many 0 K and high temperature properties including melting point, elastic constants, and enthalpy of mixing for solid and liquid Pb-Sn alloys in agreement with experiments. Then, we calculate the phase diagram of the Sn-rich side of Pb-Sn alloys utilizing a hybrid Molecular Dynamics/Monte Carlo simulation that agrees with experimental solidus and liquidus curves as well as stability of α-Sn and β-Sn. In addition, we present structure factors of Pb-Sn liquid alloys as well as temperature-dependent thermal expansion coefficients and heat capacity. Our simulations show that the ratios of the heights of the second and third peaks over the first peak for Pb-Sn liquid mixtures are maximum at Pb-0.6Sn concentration.

Notes: Update 2018-09-28: Reference information updated.

LAMMPS pair_style meam (2018--Etesami-S-A--Pb-Sn--LAMMPS--ipr1)
Notes: This file was sent by S. A. Etesami (University of Memphis) on 17 September 2018 and posted with his permission. Update 2018-09-28: files renamed at the request of the authors. Old names were library.PbSn.meam and PbSn.meam
File(s):
Date Created: October 5, 2010 | Last updated: October 02, 2018